2011 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 23
Problem
A bug travels in the coordinate plane, moving only along the lines that are parallel to the -axis or -axis. Let and . Consider all possible paths of the bug from to of length at most . How many points with integer coordinates lie on at least one of these paths?
Solution
We declare a point to make up for the extra steps that the bug has to move. If the point satisfies the property that , then it is in the desirable range because is the length of the shortest path from to and is the length of the shortest path from to .
If , then satisfy the property. there are lattice points here.
else let (and for because it is symmetrical) We set 8 as the upper bound for x because the shortest distance from to added to the shortest distance from to is . Since the minimum value for the difference between the y-coordinates is at , we get or . Thus, the upper and lower bounds for are and , respectively.
Now we test each value for x satisfying and double the result because of symmetry.
For , the possibles values of y are such that for a total of lattice points,
for , the possibles values of y are such that for a total of lattice points,
for , the possibles values of y are such that for a total of lattice points,
for , the possibles values of y are such that for a total of lattice points,
for , the possibles values of y are such that for a total of lattice points,
Hence, there are a total of lattice points.
One may also obtain the result by using Pick's Theorem(how?).
See also
2011 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 22 |
Followed by Problem 24 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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